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Title A.B. Valentine Civil War Correspondence
Creator Valentine, Alonzo Buckingham
Dates of Creation 1864-1882
Scope & Content Correspondence related to A. B. Valentine and his service in the Commissary Department during the Civil War. The majority of the correspondence dates from April-July 1864 and deals with disputed orders given to Valentine by his commanding officer L.A. Grant. It appears that Grant ordered Valentine to give rations above and beyond the number of men in attendence. Correpsondence includes recommendations of other officers on the disagreement. File also includes two letters from 1882 and an envelope of notes addressed to Mrs. A.B. Valentine. These seem to be copies of orders and telegrams sent out April 1865. Refers to Lincoln's assassination and other events.
Administrative/Biographical History From biographical note: In 1862, Valentine entered the service as regimental quartermaster with the rank of lieutenant, in the Tenth Vermont Volunteer Infantry. In this capacity Lieutenant Valentine served from the 31st of July, 1862 until the 2d day of March, 1864, and was then advanced by President Abraham Lincoln to the position of commissary of subsistence, with the rank of captain, and assigned to duty with the First Vermont Brigade. Again on the 28th of June, 1865, by a commission bearing the signature of Andrew Johnson. (the former bore President Lincoln's). Captain Valentine was further advanced to the rank of brevet-major, which promotion, as the commission recites, was "for meritorious services." Digressing briefly here from the narrative of the events of his life, it may be stated that it was as commissary of subsistence that Major Valentine rendered his most efficient service to the government during the war. The office was highly important, and one connected with which were heavy responsibilities. An officer so holding was compelled to furnish large bonds of fidelity, as there were placed with him vast quantities of army stores and supplies for safe keeping and disposal; and although Major Valentine was a new man to this branch of service he performed its duties to the entire satisfaction of the department, the suspicion of error or fault never being created, but every duty was done with military and business dispatch and accuracy. Concerning Major Valentine's incumbency of this office. Granville Benedict in his "Vermont in the Civil War," says: "Alonzo B. Valentine was without previous experience, but possessed genuine business capacity as well as high patriotism, and proved to be an energetic and capable officer."

In June, 1866 Major Valentine was mustered out of the service and returned to Bennington.
Related People Valentine, Alonzo Buckingham
Search Terms United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
Credit line Bequest of Jennie A. Valentine
Catalog Number A2406