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Title William Henry Jr. Papers
Creator Henry, William Jr., 1760-1845
Dates of Creation 1791-1877 (1800-1822 bulk)
Scope & Content The William Henry Jr. papers consist of 249 items between the years 1791-1877 with about three quarters of the papers dating from 1800-1822.

Nearly all documents are orders for goods to be sold in a general store. Included were items such as: clothing and sewing supplies, hardware, shot and powder, household items, pocket and pen knives, books (including histories, grammar, chap, and try books, bibles, hymnals and Psalms.), mouse and rat traps, tooth brushes, wall paper, elastic cloth, umbrellas, Jew's harps, iron and steel bars, and food, spirits and spices.

Henry purchased the majority of the merchandise from vendors in New York City, but other areas include the New York cities and towns of Troy, Albany, and Lansingburg, and Vermont towns of Bennington and Shaftsbury. Two receipts for room and board in New York City were located.

The largest order is dated 1791. It was composed on seven pages 13" high by 8.25" wide. Everything was purchased from Stephen Gorham of New York City, a relationship that continued for many years. This initial order contained cloth, tools, food, dinnerware, wine, rum, and brandy.

Three items seem to be out of place in this collection of business related material. First is a 1877 receipt from the Troy Carriage Repository. Second is a statement of court costs in Eli Brownson v. Shusin in 1821. The most significant is a resolution signed by the Sunderland select board regarding the recovery of Lucy Prince's property rights in a case she successfully argued before the Vermont Supreme Court.
Administrative/Biographical History William Henry Jr. was born in Colrain, Massachusetts and moved to Bennington with his family before 1770. They lived in northwestern Bennington in an area known as Irish Corners. The Henry bridge and house refer to the home built by Williams father. Henry, like his father before him, was a local Bennington merchant who owned a general store. He apparently started the business with Solomon Henderson about 1791. In 1797 the partnership was dissolved and Henry became the sole owner. There are two items in the papers that specifically refer to Henry as "Paper Mill Owner" or "Paper Manufacturer" in 1825. Young William dissolved a partnership with Solomon Henderson in 1797, and he was a town representative from 1805-1811. He was elected justice of the peace and served from 1801 to 1840, thirty-nine years, and served as Probate Judge from 1821-24.
Related People Henry, William Jr. (1760-1845)
Brownson, Eli
Prince, Lucy
Credit line Bequest of Hall Park McCullough
Catalog Number 2010.2.193
Containers Business papers 1791-1793
Business papers 1794-1800
Business papers 1801-1803
Business papers 1804-1808
Business papers 1810-1813
Business papers 1814-1819
Business papers 1821-1877
Lucy Prince/Town of Sunderland